Diabetes increases your risk of getting heart disease, which can lead to stroke and heart attacks. Heart disease is the global cause of deaths; 4 out of 5 deaths are caused by heart attacks and strokes. 1/3 of these deaths occur prematurely to individuals under 70 years.
Did you know that people in the UAE die of heart attacks 20 years earlier than in other countries? The threshold for heart attacks and cardiovascular diseases globally is 65 years, while in the UAE, people suffer from cardiovascular diseases as early as 45 years.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is a metabolic disease that leads to high blood sugar. It is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin or when your body cannot sufficiently use the insulin it produces.
Untreated high blood sugar caused by diabetes can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves, and other organs.
Different types of diabetes include diabetes type 1, an autoimmune disease that causes your immune system to attack and destroy the cells in your pancreas. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, occurs when your body becomes insulin resistant.
Prediabetes occurs when a patient’s blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes happens during pregnancy; it’s caused by insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta.
What are the Effects of Diabetes on Your Heart?
Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases often go hand-in-hand; high blood sugar can wreak havoc on your nerves and blood vessels in your heart.
Diabetes and heart disease are connected in various ways.
High Blood Pressure
Hypertension/high blood pressure is linked to type 2 diabetes. Hypertension causes excessive strain on coronary arteries to the heart; they become narrowed because of excess cholesterol, fat buildup, and other substances. These are called plaque, and the slow buildup process is called atherosclerosis.
Plaque causes arteries to harden; this increases the likelihood of clots forming. It is necessary to consult your cardiologist in Dubai if you have diabetes. The blockage of an artery by clots or plaque interrupts blood flow throughout the heart; this starves the heart of nutrients and oxygen. It damages the heart and causes a cardiovascular attack.
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that travels throughout your bloodstream. Too much cholesterol is unhealthy. Blocked or narrowed arteries prevent blood flow to the heart and brain; this can cause heart attacks, stroke, or heart failure. It’s crucial to go for a checkup in a medical center in Dubai to learn if you have high cholesterol.
Although the liver produces enough cholesterol for your body, you can also get it from your food. Excess cholesterol deposits on the artery walls forming plaque that hardens with time narrow the arteries. Narrow arteries make it difficult for blood to flow; this strains the heart as it works harder to pump blood throughout your body. Ultimately, your heart gets weak and ineffective.
Blood clots can also form over the hardened parts of the arteries completely blocking them; this cuts off blood flow. Parts of the clots can break away and get lodged in a vein or artery causing a stroke or heart attack.
Diabetes causes a nerve damage disease known as diabetic neuropathy; it affects various types of nerves like motor and sensory nerves. Did you know that nerves relay messages between the brain and other body parts like seeing and hearing? They also relay signals like heart rates. Nerve damage can cause serious problems for individuals with diabetes.
One of the long-term complications of diabetes is nerve damage; over time, it damages the small blood vessels connected to the nerves in your body. This way, essential nutrients do not reach the nerves; this might cause damage to the nerve tissues, or they might disappear. This damages various nerves lie motor, sensory, and autonomic nerves.
Sensory neuropathy occurs when nerves that transmit messages of pain, temperature, touch, and other sensations from bones, muscles, and skin to the brain are damaged. It can wreak havoc in the nerves in the feet and legs, but some people also get this neuropathy in their hands and arms.
Autonomic neuropathy affects nerves that relay messages to glands and organs. They control some functions without your conscious direction, like heart beating and bowel control. You can get irregular heartbeats, loss of bladder control, and other functions.
Motor neuropathy damages nerves that control movement; muscles that receive messages from these nerves become waste away and become weak. This can cause problems with muscle cramps and twitching and loss of muscle wasting.
Heart disease is one of the leading causes of global deaths, and this happens 20 years earlier in the UAE. Diabetes and heart disease are connected. Diabetes causes high blood pressure, nerve damage, and high cholesterol, which are dangerous to the heart. It’s necessary to go for regular checkups and to maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid getting a heart attack or stroke.